It provides comments written by the co-founder of AA. Your attitude and what you believe about your own drinking will become a determining factor in your own recovery process. The state passed another sports betting law in and lost again in district court. This author suggests your own successful methods for recovery be offered to others "cafeteria style" with the recommendation that they "take what they like and leave the rest". Instead of being "a victim" it is the responsibility of the individual to determine what they desire to have for themselves. The reader who dares to question traditional religions or their claims to special knowledge of other characteristics about the word "God", may find it useful to substitute those synonyms.
Learn more about how Statista can support your business.
However, to their professional embarrassment, it is difficult to argue with or duplicate the success produced by those who follow the AA program of recovery from alcoholism.
Despite efforts by the professional community, to find "a medical cure", that physiological condition still remains a valid difference between "normal drinkers" and those who drink "as alcoholics". In terms of the professional community finding a "medical solution" to the ever-present physical problems of alcoholism, the comment made was that:.
The message which can interest and hold these alcoholic people must have depth and weight. In nearly all cases, their ideals must be grounded in a power greater than themselves, if they are to re-create their lives.
It has not yet been surpassed by any other approach to recovery. While much more has been learned, his observation of that one common denominator that physiologically separates the alcoholic from others, is as valid today as it ever was. In regard to the various types of individuals afflicted he observed:. This phenomenon, as we have suggested, may be the manifestation of an allergy which differentiates these people, and sets them apart as a distinct entity.
It has never been, by any treatment with which we are familiar, permanently eradicated. The only relief we have to suggest is entire abstinence. The doctor closes his comments with personal observations of recovery by an alcoholic who became "sold" on the ideas presented in the basic text of "Alcoholics Anonymous".
The ideas, provided in the basic textbook for AA, work now as well as they did in They reflect some universal principles which function successfully for anyone, anyplace, at any time. The resulting recoveries demonstrated by the AA approach to recovery from alcoholism are unsurpassed. This success story has resulted in those same principles being copied and used in dealing with "problems other than alcoholism". While those problems are beyond the scope of the AA program, any individual, seriously interested in the recovery process , is encouraged to carefully study the book "Alcoholics Anonymous".
Hopefully, this Study Guide will be useful in recognizing some of what that book contains. Use your own intelligence to confirm or deny the validity of the comments you find when reading this Study Guide of the book " Alcoholics Anonymous ". The comments provided here are in no way intended to be read as being "Officially Approved AA material". No member of AA speaks for the Fellowship as a whole. That specifically includes the author of this Study Guide of the basic text for recovery.
Comments provided here are intended to be viewed as coming from one single established member of AA. Accordingly, it is recommended that written material provided by AA General Services Offices always be given priority consideration for accuracy.
This is the source of "the best information available about AA". Other interpretations, specifically including this Study Guide, may have usefulness in "filling in gaps" or answering other questions. Take what you can use and leave the rest. Whenever any member of AA shares their view and understanding of the program of recovery in AA, it is unavoidable that their view will reflect any errors which exist within their own mind. Any reader interested in the historical background of AA will find numerous publications are available from the General Service Office of Alcoholics Anonymous.
Instead, they provide the interested individual with the viewpoint of only one single member of AA. This Study Guide was specifically prepared as an offering to only those members who have difficulty reconciling that emotionally volatile "three-letter word God" with traditional religious concepts. Hopefully, the reader will use whatever open-minded intelligence they have available when giving consideration to comments offered by the author.
With an educational variety of a spiritual experience it is possible that some of the ideas, emotions and attitudes which are guiding forces in life will be improved, enlarged and enriched. It has happened to other alcoholics, and could happen to you. The personal stories which follow the basic text for recovery indicate how different individuals have applied the principles of AA in their own lives. They are essentially "a speaker meeting in print".
Their experience, strength and hope is able to be shared on a broader scale than would otherwise be possible. The essential message of recovery from alcoholism is contained in the basic text for recovery which is provided in the first 11 chapters of the AA "Big Book" Alcoholics Anonymous.
These chapters contain the minimum essential requirements for recovery from a "once seemingly hopeless state of mind and body". The personal stories which follow indicate that those principles have been applied by a wide range of individuals with a desire to stop drinking.
They clearly establish the AA program will work for anyone who is capable of being honest with themselves. Personal stories, which follow the basic text, indicate how various individuals applied the principles of AA in their personal life.
They share, in a general way, what it was like before coming to AA, what happened to them, and what their lives were like when those stories were written. Each personal story provides information on how alcoholics dealt with their own lives to produce changes. As the "AA message of recovery" reached more and more alcoholics, the personal stories, published in the first three editions changed to reflect the changing composition of AA membership.
A forthcoming "Fourth Edition" will undoubtedly provide even more variations in how the AA program has been utilized. All any AA member can do is to point out, what they have found in the basic text and clarify their own personal interpretation and application of that material. This specifically applies to any comments made by the author of this Study Guide. Other views exist, and each member of AA is encouraged to share their personal view of the basic text with other interested alcoholics.
The readers are encouraged to consider all viewpoints in the light of their own intelligence. Regardless of common acceptance, it is recommended that any material, other than the AA basic text for recovery , be clearly identified. Obviously there are matters of religion, medicine, and philosophy which overlap in the problem of alcoholism. Because alcoholism impacts every one of those areas their respective approaches should be allowed to stand on their own merits. Doing this without any demand that AA be incorporated into some other pre-established concept will reduce conflicts with religion, medicine and philosophies which produce different results.
In reading the personal stories, this author recommends that they be considered as "A Speaker-Meeting in Print". In earlier times, the wealth of information now available about alcoholism was not easily accessible to newcomers interested in the AA Fellowship.
Therefore, efforts were made to provide the "experience, strength and hope" of a wide variety of AA members. Some areas large enough to have "regular speaker meetings" strove to provide a contrast to emphasize personal differences. Speakers who were well educated were contrasted with semi-literate alcoholics, street-walkers were paired with socialites, atheists with devoutly religious, and the wealthy with impoverished ex-drunks. This enabled any newcomer to recognize and understand the problem of alcoholism cuts across all social barriers, and so does the AA solution.
This helped them to clarify the universality of the problem, and their own place as being more ordinary than special. The need to conform to some pre-established standard was reduced as a result.
Personal stories still serve much of that same purpose. At this early part of the 21st Century, membership in AA continues to grow, and a Fourth Edition will undoubtedly continue that trend. As with all else in this "Study Guide of the AA Big Book", the comments provided by the author are not intended as any official interpretation of any part of the AA program of recovery from alcoholism.
The comments are strictly those of "a member of Alcoholics Anonymous". It is the clear understanding of this author that " no one speaks for AA as a whole ". Similarly, all comments by any other member about the AA program are personal, individual and should be considered accordingly, except when endorsed by the AA General Services Office ,. The Appendices I - V which are found in the back section of the basic text present the official position of AA on a variety of " outside issues ".
This will help to avoid diversion from what the AA program has been able to accomplish, with superior results over any other approach to the problem of alcoholism for the alcoholic. The reader will note that the Traditions of the Fellowship of Alcoholics Anonymous has succeeded in doing what no other human activity has accomplished with equal results. It has provided a framework which has enabled alcoholics to successfully join together, for " a common purpose ", despite their innumerable personal differences which might otherwise produce conflicts and disrupt the recovery process.
The experience of this author, in over a half-century of active participation with AA activities in a large part of the world, is that those differences of race, religion, language, political philosophy, and ethic cultural values exist. Differences tend to be divisive and create conflicts between ethnocentric groups. They tend to escalate in importance in areas where one group holds a dominate majority over smaller groups with an equal desire to get sober and stay sober.
This frequently creates the impression that "if you are not doing it our way , you are doing it wrong! Therefore, a careful and thoughtful personal study of the " Traditions" is strongly recommended to any alcoholic seriously interested in their own sobriety and survival.
It is strong medicine for recovery from alcoholism. A "vital spiritual experience" appears to be one essential ingredient to recovery from alcoholism. Many alcoholics have erroneously assumed this required accepting "a conception of God" in the form of an established "second-hand belief system".
Usually it gets provided by some self-appointed spokesman for one of the many different traditional religions. Fortunately, for all alcoholics , this is not the case. It is the understanding of this author that the AA program has provided a solution to alcoholism which is based upon universal acceptance of anyone with a desire to stop drinking.
A careful reading of "The AA Tradition - The Long Form " will provide intelligent reasons why " conformity " is not required and can be in conflict with " universal acceptance of God as being everything". What is your choice to be? The solution to the specific problem of alcoholism, provided by AA, is still the most effective in terms of results, and it is difficult to argue with the success. Therefore it is counter-productive to dilute the effectiveness by attempting to incorporate it into the different primary objectives of many tradition religious belief systems.
Those objectives are finite and limited to their own definitions of who and what they are. However, other pursuits can be freely retained by individual AA members once they reconcile what objective holds priority importance.
The clearly defined path of action by AA provides for maintaining recovery from a once seemingly hopeless state of mind and body.
Accepting this fundamental approach can avoid much personal conflict while still drawing strength from "a power greater than ourselves". There appear to be two distinct varieties of " the vital spiritual experience " required for recovery from alcoholism.
One is the " personality change, or religious experiences" in the nature of sudden and spectacular upheavals. These " transformations" though frequent, are by no means the rule. Most "vital spiritual experiences" are of the "educational variety" because they develop over a period of time. Those differences in timing to accepting "a power greater than ourselves" create confusion for many newcomers to the AA program.
Instead of utilizing the brains God gave them, pg 86 , they continue to "hold on to old ideas" by reliance upon a " second-hand belief system " developed by some other person, at some other place, and at some other time, for some other reason. Personal freedom of choice allows many newcomers to futilely attempt to force-fit an infinite source of power into their already established, but nonetheless finite belief system.
Some alcoholics even abandon the indispensable ingredient of "being honest with themselves" in order to gain the acceptance of an ethnocentric group with a limited belief system.
This can be contrary to their own best interests when relying upon a source of power that wants them to be "happy, joyous and free". Some alcoholics seeking recovery cannot or will not completely give themselves to this simple program of AA.
Instead of letting go of their " old idea of God ", they attempt to conform to those " second-hand concepts " created by others. They erroneously believe others have a " monopoly on God " and many attempt to " fake it until they make it ". With that freedom many abandon a genuine desire to "seek God" and learn how to be "happy, joyous and free". Instead, they decide to "seek conformity with a second-hand version" created by some other equally fallible human mind.
Without dispute, there is much benefit to be gained from the precepts of many traditional religions. However, it is the belief of this author that there is infinitely more available. What is your choice of priorities to be? AA recommends the acceptance of new ideas, emotions and attitudes as one way to acquire the vital spiritual experience required to displace and rearrange the guiding forces in the life of an alcoholic.
Those who accept the proposition that "God is everything or else He is nothing" will readily recognize that rejecting any part of reality is equivalent to " rejection of God". Acceptance may require new knowledge and improved understanding of the Great Reality i. There are others who will insist upon "special favoritism" over "all those who disagree with their belief system" thereby denying them human equality in "the eyes of their Creator".
The essential and indispensable ingredients for the " educational variety of a spiritual experience" are the mental attitudes of "willingness, honesty, and open mindedness" The alcoholic, seeking recovery either does or does not have that mental outlook upon "a power greater than themselves". Accordingly, this Study Guide attempts to point out some elements which may be helpful in developing new ideas, emotions and attitudes about that power.
It is definitely not intended to be considered as " the last word " on any aspect of the AA recovery program. Ask Him in your morning meditation what you can do each day for the man who is still sick.
The answers will come, if your own house is in order. See to it that your relationship with Him is right, and great events will come to pass for you and countless others.
This is the Great Fact for us. The principles which guide modern medical practices recognize individual differences in human beings. Nowhere are unique individual differences any more significant that when dealing with recovery from alcoholism. Why the differences exist may not be completely understood. However, accepting that they do exist is crucial to recovery for the individual alcoholic.
It is the belief of this author that any attempt to produce any " One Size Fits All " approach to recovery is doomed to failure if it omits recognition of physiological differences between alcoholics and social drinkers.
Medical science already recognizes a wide variation in the body processes of different individuals. For example, some individuals absorb fluids from their stomach to their blood stream more rapidly than others.
Some have differences in how equitably their bodies distribute what they have absorbed to various parts of the body. Others variations exist in how rapidly their body processes utilize and eliminate what they take in.
Those differences apply to the infinitely variable supply of substances available to them as part of a daily diet. Inherent in every individual is some intelligence which can and does take what is consumed, process it, and produce that which is the physical body of the individual.
This occurs, be they alcoholic or not. No one needs to attend classes of instruction in order to learn this process. It is automatic, and will differ by individual in the way it works.
Some understanding of DNA structure has enlarged the ability of the medical profession to deal with some of those differences. Other differences are less well recognized or understood. Recognizing the existence of those differences can be important to the extent that new knowledge is useful in providing relief from alcoholism.
The point here is recognition that some intelligence, unique to each individual , is operative to take the nourishment they consume and change it into something which produces the physical body of each individual alcoholic. What that is and why it does what it does, in the way it does it, is still beyond the realm of complete understanding by the medical profession.
There is more to be understood. Seeking understanding of an infinite source of all new knowledge i. Neither science nor religion has been able to demonstrate that they have "all the answers" to the problem of recovery from alcoholism. Where traditional religions seek new knowledge only when it is compatible with their definitions of their group, science seeks new knowledge without any such limitations. Both contain some understanding , neither can intelligently claim to have "the answer to explain everything".
The AA program readily accepts from either whatever produces desired results. Willingness, honesty and open mindedness are essential and indispensable ingredients.
Scientific investigation is concerned with those principles which have equal application to anyone, at any place and at any time. The AA program of recovery from alcoholism has transcended barriers which otherwise separate human beings from each other and indicates it is utilizing principles which have universal application. Some of those same principles were also discovered and incorporated into some religious belief systems. Unquestionably, there is more to be revealed.
Now, over a half-century later, the value of Alcoholics Anonymous is still recognized as "a great venture in social pioneering which forged a new instrument for social action; a new therapy based on the kinship of common suffering; one having a vast potential for the myriad other ills of mankind.
The numerous "spin-off Twelve Step programs" are a testimony to the effectiveness of the AA program. Imitation truly is the most sincere form of flattery. When the Lasker Award was first received, there was a significant decision made, which is believed to be crucial to the success of the AA program.
This was the refusal of AA to accept the monetary award accompanying the trophy. While the trophy itself was accepted, the money from outside sources was respectfully declined. The absolute insistence upon being "self supporting through our own contributions" was considered crucial to the continued survival of the then budding fellowship.
The Lasker Award trophy remains a tribute to early AA members deciding to accept responsibility for their own actions and being willing to clean up the wreckage of their own past. The most significant element of any religious view of the A. Fellowship is the extent it believes in the equality of every human being in the eyes of their creator.
AA does, many religions do not. Anything less than total equality is a matter of personal judgment. Any personal judgment is based upon what the individual believes to be their personal relationship to that creative power. It is self-evident that this is a power which is greater than themselves. The belief system of any individual may be one of superiority to others. Be it as an individual, or as the ethnocentric belief that "our group is superior to any other group".
Whenever a belief in superiority is established, then equality is lost to that individual or group. A concept of "a power greater than ourselves" is impacted accordingly. Conflict is created with the decision to believe that "my concept of God is superior to your concept of God".
Resolution of the conflict is found in "how well it works" rather than arguments of "how well it would work if only others would do it my way". This author believes that, as children, anyone is capable of being taught to believe just about anything which the dominant adults in their life present to them. As they mature, their own minds are then free to accept or reject what they have been taught. This then becomes a power struggle over a matter of personal choice.
The maturing child either accepts or rejects themselves, as equal human beings. Eventually a belief system becomes a guiding force in life. Unfortunately there are frequently errors which require correction. Almost any religious interpretation of "a power greater than ourselves" can be accommodated within the AA program. With most traditional religions, that same mental condition of open mindedness is not necessarily encouraged. AA seeks to understand and cooperate with all of the Great Reality.
Most religions attempt to define it and induce conformity to their limited concept. This, they do to the exclusion of anything outside of their own definition. Herein lies the potential for conflict within the individual alcoholic. This author believes the AA program offers them an intelligent method for resolving such conflicts by enlarging and improving their conscious contact with that infinite source of new knowledge and power.
It is proposed here, that if any particular "religious conception of God" were really "the only valid path to recovery" then no alcoholic could or would ever recover without it. World-wide experience has indicated that any alcoholic can and many frequently do recover without conformity to any particular "idea of God". The inescapable fact still remains that, at the very beginning of AA , there was the suggestion made of:. That idea of mental freedom was presented and accepted.
The success of utilizing that approach with alcoholics will speak for itself. Alcoholics Anonymous continues to cross the borders of diametrically opposed religious belief systems to produce successful results in recovery.
While AA accepts any alcoholic with any fundamental idea of God, not every religion is willing to accept alcoholics with "concepts of God" which do not conform to their own well-defined and exclusionary belief system. When following the AA program of recovery, the alcoholic is not expected to "throw out the baby with the bath water" and abandon their religious belief system. Whatever works does not require fixing. No religious belief system relieves the alcoholic from the consequences of their own personal ignorance.
The power of necessary new knowledge comes from some "greater intelligence" which is the source of all knowledge and all power. The AA program offers each individual alcoholic a " tailor-made personalized approach to the reduction of their personal ignorance of reality ".
This is considered preferable to accepting on blind-faith the " second-hand belief system of traditional religions" which often have some other " primary purpose". Not everyone agrees with this observation. For those alcoholics who desire to be happy, joyous and free in sobriety, they must decide if it is to be their own version or that of some other "second hand belief system".
This author recommends that any alcoholic honestly seeking recovery to approach both religion and AA in the same manner. There is increased public awareness of Alcoholics Anonymous as an available method for recovery from alcoholism. With the increased speed of communication, alcoholics seeking recovery can more easily locate A.
There is also an increase in the erroneous interpretation of what AA is and is not. Some views are that AA is opposed to drinking alcohol by anyone. Others suggest that a particular " concept of God " is required for participation.
Still others assume that the AA program is an arm of the local judicial system. Fortunately none of these is accurate.
While each member is qualified to speak from their own personal viewpoint, as an individual, no member is qualified to speak for AA as a whole. That specifically includes the comments provided by the author of this Study Guide who is merely attempting to point out what one single member has found in the basic text of recovery. Hopefully it will be of value and usefulness to others who are seeking happiness, joy and freedom in their own recovery from a once seemingly hopeless state of mind and body.
Foreword to First Edition. Because the focus of this Study Guide is upon spiritual considerations, anyone experiencing resistance to the word or idea of "God", may benefit from the approach, presented to him.
This is a fundamental approach to recovery. It has opened the door for recovery from alcoholism to all who suffer. Because conformity and agreement with any particular interpretation of the meaning of the word "God" has been excluded, the AA program has been able to transcend the finite limits of traditional religions.
It also avoids the conflicting boundaries of a multitude of different religious beliefs. This applies, too, to other spiritual expressions which you find in this book. Understanding the depth and weight of this message can be enhanced by referring to page 34 in the AA publication "As Bill See's It". The significance of the non-alliance of AA to any particular religion is officially clarified for all to see.
This is what co-founder Bill W. It is as valid for you as it was for him. As, with many, your own spiritual experience may be of " the educational variety", as referred to in Appendix II. Conformity is not and never has been required for recovery. Tradition 3, - the long form. You, the reader, have made a decision to consider the ideas, emotions and attitudes being presented by the author of this Study Guide.
If so, consider them for their possible benefit to your own recovery process. From reading the Preface and Forward to the Study Guide you will probably have recognized some idea of the personal bias of the author,.
If so, you discovered the concept of " Sponsorship " was addressed. Also, that there is a separate section in this Study Guide offering a viewpoint on that subject. It includes possible implications to your own recovery. You would do well to read it before continuing. That was a time when a handful of alcoholics discovered a solution to their seemingly hopeless state of mind and body. Changes continue to occur up to and including this present time.
Placing the contents of the AA Big Book into the context in which it was written is significant. It is a step toward understanding the intent of what was written, when it was written, and why. As of this writing, a Fourth Edition is in process of being published. It is well to recognize he was simply another human being.
One fully equipped to fall into the pit of despair from his own alcoholism and to experience the fulfillment of recovery from that once seemingly hopeless state. If you allow yourself equality, as a human being, his message of recovery is and can always be available to you - if you want it. This author's primary suggestion is to give priority to the message of recovery.
The messenger, being a human being, is subject to human error. No individual has total awareness of that Ultimate Reality of Life which some refer to as " God ". If you wish to disagree with the messenger, you will find areas for disagreement. However, there are also similarities.
They are found in the message itself. It is a message which may contain useful information to enrich and improve the quality of your own life. That choice to give that message your thoughtful consideration is your own. Conformity was not and is not a requirement for recovery. However, some concept of a power, greater than that of the individual, is essential. The co-founder was free to choose his own concept of what the word "God" meant to him.
That message was valid then, for him. It is equally valid now, for you. The single most significant message is, that there is hope for recovery, if you want it. The first thing you will hear read at many meetings is the Preamble of what AA is.
AA's own definition of itself includes the simple statement:. No one else really knows if you do or do not desire to stop drinking. Therein lies the secret of their success and your own freedom to choose the direction you take.
Either you want what they have, or else you do not. What they have is recovery from a seemingly hopeless state of mind a body, called " alcoholism ". Is that what you really want? We are people who normally would not mix. The tremendous fact for every one of us is that we have discovered a common solution.
We have a way out on which we can absolutely agree, and upon which we can join in brotherly and harmonious action. The AA concept of alcoholism, as an illness, is presented on page Though incurable, by traditional methods, the ex-problem drinker with a solution, is able to accomplish quickly, what professionals have failed to do, with any comparable degree of success.
This appears to be the common bond that has held the fellowship of AA together. It is based upon mutual desire and enlightened self-interest.
It includes recognition that none has all the answers. Each individual example of recovery contains elements of value and usefulness to some, though not necessarily all others who wish to recover. This is an attitude, embodied in the AA approach to dealing with a newcomer. However, it should be noted that not every individual who identifies themselves as a member of AA reflects that attitude in their own personal dealings with newcomers.
One approach allows other solutions to exist which you may wish to consider. The other implies that "my way is the only way". The latter attitude is difficult to reconcile with any claim to open-mindedness. The reader will note that, as AA members, none make a sole vocation of working with others page This is sometimes confusing to those who have encountered hospitals, treatment programs, or social service activities which use the AA program.
Usually, there is money involved in those programs, and many have attempted to incorporate AA into their activities. Where money becomes an object of primary interest, the reader should be aware that.
Many of the professionals have their own personal AA experience which enables them to be more effective in their chosen field of work. Similarly, it is well to remember that, as AA members , no individual alcoholic lays any claim to professional qualifications, "we merely have an approach that worked with us" with alcoholism. There is a different and more practical reason AA members try to be helpful to the alcoholic who is still suffering from the malady.
Occasionally some AA members consider themselves qualified to offer advice in professional areas where they have no expertise. A newcomer would be well advised to exercise caution and intelligence when deciding who has experience to produce the kind of results they desire. Some help others as a profession for money. Others, with no professional qualifications, try to help others in order to help themselves. The important element for attention of the alcoholic is the result which is produced.
The program of Alcoholics Anonymous has produced successful recoveries, which are unsurpassed by the professional community. If you are interested in what you have to do in order to have those results produced by AA, be aware that is this is the purpose of the AA "Big Book". The purpose of this Study Guide is to point out what the author has found in that basic text. Other interpretations may have equal or better value and usefulness to individual readers. If so, you are encouraged to utilize whatever may be helpful to you.
Pay particular note to the need for mutual assistance in the recovery process. Then consider the significance of ignorance and misunderstanding. Particularly when directed to differences between moderate drinkers and the alcoholic. Remember that many different ideas, emotions and attitudes about drinking get developed in a society where the majority react physically to alcohol in a different way than does the alcoholic.
The thoughtful reader will recognize a thread of ignorance and misunderstanding running through many of their old ideas. Especially those concerning their personal relationship to " a power greater than themselves". Some will come to recognize there is an infinite source of all knowledge which they may eventually describe by use of the word " God ". The moderate and even the continuous hard drinker is different than the alcoholic in one notable way.
Unlike the real alcoholic, the average drinker does not lose all control of his liquor consumption, once he starts to drink. The inescapable conclusion remains, that once an alcoholic takes any alcohol into his system, it is virtually impossible for him to stop, on his own! This reflects the "phenomenon of craving" which separates the alcoholic as distinct from other drinkers.
Not everyone who drinks, even to excess, is necessarily an alcoholic. Opinions vary as to why some are different. However, it is certain that some are. Either you are one of them or else you are not. Step over to the nearest barroom and try some controlled drinking. Try to drink and stop abruptly. Try it more than once. It will not take long for you to decide, if you are honest with yourself about it.
It may be worth a bad case of jitters if you get a full knowledge of your condition. Successful recovery by those first members is meaningful.
It is important because it has allowed countless others to find a solution before reaching that stage. They recovered earlier in the progression of their personal problem with alcohol. Demonstrated results since then are a tribute to the effectiveness of the AA program. When evaluating your own problem with alcohol, it is suggested you consider similarities.
Does any part of their experience apply to you and your drinking? Your attitude and what you believe about your own drinking will become a determining factor in your own recovery process. While others may point out to you what they see needs changing, it is only when you see something you desire to change that you will voluntarily take action to do so.
A relatively simple formula exists for changing your life, where alcohol is concerned. This is what is available in AA. There are many symptoms and reasons for gambling. Gamblers gamble more money to try and win back money that they have lost and some gamble to relieve feelings of helplessness and anxiety. The Advertising Standards Authority has censured several betting firms for advertisements disguised as news articles suggesting falsely a person had cleared debts and paid for medical expenses by online gambling.
The firms face possible fines. Gamblers exhibit a number of cognitive and motivational biases that distort the perceived odds of events and that influence their preferences for gambles.
For example, gamblers exhibit a costly aversion to betting against their favorite team or political candidate. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Gamble disambiguation and Betting disambiguation. This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.
August Learn how and when to remove this template message. Nelson; Loeb, Robert A. Blackjack and the law 1st ed. The History of Gambling. A History of Japan. Many Japanese are naturally prone to gambling; in the old Kyoto court the vice was rife, and in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries samurai would often stake their arms, armour, and horse trappings on a cast of the dice, even on the eve of a battle, and so have to go into action in incomplete panoplies, and sometimes with no armour at all.
In Tokugawa times the vice did not reach this extent among the samurai, but it became common in Yedo and continued to be so throughout the history of the city. Sports and Games of Medieval Cultures.
Liminality and the Modern: Living Through the In-Between. Retrieved August 17, Retrieved 5 September Archived from the original on 16 June Retrieved 20 July To settle your conscience a layman's guide to Catholic moral theology. Adamson - Palgrave Macmillan". Retrieved 30 May Florida bishops oppose expanding casino gambling". Archived from the original on 11 June Retrieved May 14, The Principles of Project Finance.
Sharia and Social Engineering. Archived from the original on 16 November Costly Reluctance to Hedge Desired Outcomes". Choosing between intuitive and nonintuitive alternatives". Journal of Experimental Psychology: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Gambling mathematics Mathematics of bookmaking Poker probability. Casino game Game of chance Game of skill List of bets. Category Commons Wiktionary WikiProject.
Retrieved from " https: However, the appeals panel also ruled that the Wire Act and two other federal statutes prohibiting the provision of gambling services from Antigua to the United States violated the WTO's General Agreement on Trade in Services. Although the United States convinced the appeals panel that these laws were "necessary" to protect public health and morals, the asserted United States defense on these grounds was ultimately rejected because its laws relating to remote gambling on horse-racing were not applied equally to foreign and domestic online betting companies, and thus the United States could not establish that its laws were non-discriminatory.
Internet gambling restrictions as illegal. The government said that the IGA was important to protect Australians from the harmful effects of gambling. The offense applies to all interactive gambling service providers, whether based in Australia or offshore, whether Australian or foreign owned.
The IGA makes it an offence to provide an interactive gambling service to a customer physically present in Australia, but it is not an offence for Australian residents to play poker or casino games online. Sports betting online is legal in Australia, with many state government licensed sportsbooks in operation.
While the criminal code of Canada does not prohibit online gambling, it does prohibit any type of gambling at an establishment not owned or licensed by a provincial government. Not withstanding this fact, there are an estimated 1, to 1, offshore websites that make casino type games and other gambling activities available to Canadians.
The court found that SCI had sufficient contact with Canada to be prosecuted under its criminal code. It has since moved its operations overseas. According to John A. Cunningham, Joanne Cordingley, David C. Hodgins and Tony Toneatto a telephone survey was recorded in Ontario that shows there was a strong agreement that conceptions of gambling abuse as a disease or addiction were positively associated with belief that treatment is needed, while there was a strong agreement that disease or wrongdoing were positively associated with the belief that abstinence is required.
On March 5, , France proposed new laws to regulate and tax Internet gambling. Budget minister Eric Woerth stated the French gambling market would expand to adapt to "Internet reality. The German Interstate Treaty on gaming, which came into force on January 1, , banned all forms of online gaming and betting in the country, with the exception of wagers on horse racing. Schleswig-Holstein is the only German state that has already come up with their own gambling bill allowing gambling online.
From , casino operators can apply for an online gambling license in this state. Online gambling is illegal in the state of Maharashtra under the " Bombay Wager Act ".
The most recent law to address gambling online was the Federal Information Technology Rules where such illegal activities may be blocked by Internet providers within India. Another act is the Public Gaming Act of States tend to operate on their own authority. Online gambling legal issues in India are complicated in nature as Gambling in India is regulated by different states laws and online gambling is a central subject. To ascertain the position of Indian government, the Supreme Court of India sought the opinion of central government  in this regard but the same was declined by the central government.
On 3 September , Central Board of Direct Taxes CBDT issued a Circular titled "Clarification on Tax Compliance for Undisclosed Foreign Income and Assets" under the black money act which directs the online poker players in the country to declare their money transactions on foreign poker sites through the e-wallets and virtual cards. The Israel gambling law Israeli Penal Law - does not refer specifically to online gambling land based gambling and playing games of chances is prohibited except in the cases of the Israel Lottery and the Israeli Commission for Sports Gambling.
In December , the Attorney General ordered all online gambling operations, online backgammon included, to close their businesses and at the same time commanded credit card companies to cease cooperating with online gambling websites. The District Court invalidated this order. The Supreme Court dismissed an appeal in , finding that the police do not have legal authority to issue such orders. The government responded by proposing a bill that will authorize such orders, referring to child pornography, drug trafficking and online gambling websites.
In December the amendment to the Polish Gambling Act was scheduled to come into force on April 1, Online gambling will be only possible on the sites with Polish license.
Russian legislation, enacted in December , prohibits online gambling altogether as well as any gambling relying on telecommunications technology. In , the Singapore parliament tabled the Remote Gambling Bill as a counter-measure against online gambling locally,  while parliamentary member Denise Phua spoke against legalised gambling in Singapore.
In Tessa Jowell , then Culture Secretary suggested a change in the British Gambling laws to keep up with advances in technology. Our gambling laws date back to the s. Since then attitudes to gambling have changed and the law has failed to keep pace with rapid technological change. Gambling is now a diverse, vibrant and innovative industry and a popular leisure activity enjoyed in many forms by millions of people. The law needs to reflect that. The Commission will have the power to prosecute any parties in breach of the guidelines set out by the bill and will be tasked with regulating any codes of practice they set forward.
The Bill set out its licensing objectives, which are as follows:. The Bill also set out guidelines stating that gambling will be unlawful in the UK unless granted a licence, permit or registration. It outlined the penalty for being in breach of these guidelines, that being a maximum of six months in prison, a fine, or both for each offence. Any person under 18 will not be allowed to gamble and it is an offence to invite or permit anyone under the age of 18 years to gamble.
Legislation on online gambling in the United States was first drafted in the late s. Bob Goodlatte and Jon Kyl introduced bills to the Senate that would curb online gambling activities except for those that involved horse and dog races and state lotteries. The United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit ruled  in November that the Federal Wire Act prohibits electronic transmission of information for sports betting across telecommunications lines but affirmed a lower court ruling  that the Wire Act "'in plain language' does not prohibit Internet gambling on a game of chance.
In April Google and Yahoo! The move followed a United States Department of Justice announcement that, in what some say is a contradiction of the Appeals Court ruling, the Wire Act relating to telephone betting applies to all forms of Internet gambling, and that any advertising of such gambling "may" be deemed as aiding and abetting. Critics of the Justice Department's move say that it has no legal basis for pressuring companies to remove advertisements and that the advertisements are protected by the First Amendment.
While as noted above, a United States Appeals court has stated that the Wire Act does not apply to non-sports betting, the Supreme Court of the United States previously refused to hear an appeal of the conviction of Jay Cohen , where lower courts held that the Wire Act does make it illegal to own a sports betting operation that offers such betting to United States citizens.
In September , Sportingbet reported that its chairman, Peter Dicks , was detained in New York City on a Louisiana warrant while traveling in the United States on business unrelated to online gaming. At the end of the month, New York dismissed the Louisiana warrant. Also in September , just before adjourning for the midterm elections, both the House of Representatives and Senate passed the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of as a section of the unrelated SAFE Port Act to make transactions from banks or similar institutions to online gambling sites illegal.
The passed bill only addressed banking issues. In April , Rep. Several similar bills have been introduced since then in the House and Senate. In June , the U. This is the first time money was seized from individual players as compared to the gaming company.
Jeff Ifrah, the lawyer for one of the account management companies affected, said that the government "has never seized an account that belongs to players who are engaged in what [Ifrah] would contend is a lawful act of playing peer-to-peer poker online. On July 28, , the committee passed H. The bill would legalize and regulate online poker and some other forms of online gambling. On November 22, , the New Jersey state Senate became the first such US body to pass a bill S expressly legalizing certain forms of online gambling.
The bill was passed with a 29—5 majority. The bill allows bets to be taken by in-State companies on poker games, casino games and slots but excludes sports betting, although it allows for the latter to be proposed, voted on and potentially regulated separately in due course. Peter Woolley , Director of the PublicMind commented on the results: