XVIDEOS.COM

Um tipo de saloon, todo de madeira escura. Popular Mechanics , April , p. Fuel additives for use in cars designed for leaded fuel are available at most servos. Miles Away - Madonna. Fui Fiel - Gusttavo Lima.

Navigation menu

Future Women

In the past, filling stations in the United States offered a choice between full service and self service. Before , full service was the norm, and self-service was rare. Today, few stations advertise or provide full service. Full service stations are more common in wealthy and upscale areas. The cost of full service is usually assessed as a fixed amount per U. All stations in New Jersey and Oregon offer only full service and mini service; attendants are required to pump gas since customers are prohibited by law in both states from pumping gas themselves.

The only exceptions are at the filling stations next to Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst in Wrightstown, New Jersey and next to the Indian reservation casinos in both Pendleton and Grand Ronde, Oregon where self-service is permitted at these three locations.

New Jersey prohibited self-service gasoline in after lobbying by service station owners. Proponents of the prohibition cite safety and jobs as reasons to keep the ban. One commentator noted, "The joke is when babies are born in Oregon, the doctor slaps their bottom, 'No self-serve and no sales tax' It's as much a cultural issue as an economic issue. It's a way of life.

The town of Huntington, New York prohibits gasoline self-service to save jobs. The ban came into effect in the early s during a recession. The constitutionality of the self-service bans has been disputed.

The Oregon statute was brought into court in by ARCO , and the New Jersey statute was challenged in court in by a small independent service station, Rein Motors. He asserted that it would be able to lower gas prices, but some New Jerseyans argued that it could cause drawbacks, especially unemployment. In New Jersey and Oregon, it is legal for customers to pump their own diesel although not every station permits diesel customers to do so; truck stops typically do.

Many stations provide toilet facilities for customer use, as well as squeegees and paper towels for customers to clean their vehicle's windows. Discount stations may not provide these amenities in some countries. Stations typically have an air compressor some with a built-in or provided handheld tire-pressure gauge to inflate tires and a hose to add water to vehicle radiators.

Some air compressor machines are free of charge, while others charge a small fee to use typically 50 cents to a dollar in North America. In most cases, a token provided by the attendant is used in lieu of coins. Many filling stations have integrated convenience stores which sell food, beverages, and often cigarettes, lottery tickets, motor oil, and auto parts.

Prices for these items tend to be higher than they would be at a supermarket or discount store. Many stations, particularly in the United States, have a fast food outlet inside. These are usually "express" versions with limited seating and limited menus, though some may be regular-sized and have spacious seating.

Larger restaurants are common at truck stops and toll road service plazas. Nevada also allows the operation of slot and video poker machines without time restrictions. Vacuum cleaners , often coin-operated, are a common amenity to allow the cleaning of vehicle interiors, either by the customer or by an attendant. Some stations are equipped with car washes. Car washes are sometimes offered free of charge or at a discounted price with a certain amount of gas purchased.

Conversely, some car washes operate filling stations to supplement their businesses. From approximately to , many service stations in the US provided free road maps affiliated with their parent oil companies to customers.

This practice fell out of favor due to the s energy crisis. In European Union member states, petrol prices are much higher than in North America due to higher fuel excise or taxation , although the base price is also higher than in the U.

Occasionally, price rises trigger national protests. The UK Government eventually backed down by indefinitely postponing a planned increase in fuel duty. This was partially reversed during December when then- Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown raised fuel duty by 1.

Since , petrol prices in the UK rose by nearly 40 pence per litre, going from In much of Europe, including the UK, France and Germany, filling stations operated by large supermarket chains usually price fuel lower than stand-alone filling stations. In most of mainland Europe, sales tax is lower on diesel fuel than on petrol, and diesel is accordingly the cheaper fuel: Nearly all filling stations in North America advertise their prices on large signs outside the stations.

Some locations have laws requiring such signage. In Canada and the United States, federal, state or provincial, and local sales taxes are usually included in the price, although tax details are often posted at the pump and some stations may provide details on sales receipts. Gas taxes are often ring-fenced dedicated to fund transportation projects such as the maintenance of existing roads and the construction of new ones.

In the United States, the states of California and Hawaii typically have the highest gasoline prices, while the lowest prices are usually found in oil-producing states like Oklahoma and Texas. In Canada, prices are typically highest in the provinces of British Columbia and Quebec , and the lowest in the oil-producing province of Alberta.

The provinces of Prince Edward Island PEI , Newfoundland and Labrador , New Brunswick , and Nova Scotia have instituted gasoline price regulation, which is intended to protect small rural gas stations from low profits due to low sales volume. Individual gas stations in the United States have little if any control over gasoline prices. Individual gas stations are unlikely to sell gasoline at a loss, and the profit margin—typically between 7 and 11 cents a U.

Most gas stations try to compensate by selling higher-margin food products in their convenience stores. Even with oil market fluctuations, prices for gasoline in the United States are among the lowest in the industrialized world; this is principally due to lower taxes. While the sales price of gasoline in Europe is more than twice that in the United States, the price of gas excluding taxes is nearly identical in the two areas.

Some Canadians and Mexicans in communities close to the U. Due to heavy fluctuations of gasoline price in the United States, some gas stations offer their customers the option to buy and store gas for future uses, such as the service provided by First Fuel Bank.

In order to save money, some consumers in Canada and the United States inform each other about low and high prices through the use of gasoline price websites. Such websites allow users to share prices advertised at filling stations with each other by posting them to a central server. Consumers then may check the prices listed in their geographic area in order to select the station with the lowest price available at the time.

Some television and radio stations also compile pricing information via viewer and listener reports of pricing or reporter observations and present it as a regular segment of their newscasts, usually before or after traffic reports. These price observations must usually be made by reading the pricing signs outside stations, as many companies do not give their prices by telephone due to competitive concerns.

In Canada, it is against federal law to provide any gas pricing from a gas station via phone. It is a criminal offence to have written or verbal arrangements with competitors, suppliers or customers for:.

Gas stations must never hold discussions with other competitors regarding pricing policies and methods, terms of sale, costs, allocation of markets or boycotts of our petroleum products.

In other energy-importing countries such as Japan, gasoline and petroleum product prices are higher than in the United States because of fuel transportation costs and taxes.

On the other hand, some of the major oil-producing countries such as the Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, and Venezuela provide subsidized fuel at well-below world market prices.

This practice tends to encourage heavy consumption. Hong Kong has some of the highest pump prices in the world, but most customers are given discounts as card members. Each afternoon, the prices for the next day are released to the public and the media, allowing consumers to decide when to fill up.

A service station or "servo" is the terminology predominantly used in Australia and New Zealand. In Australia, a servo is commonly used to describe any facility where you can refuel your car. In New Zealand a filling station is often referred to as a service station, garage, or petrol station, even though the filling station may not offer mechanical repairs or assistance with dispensing fuel.

Levels of service available include full service, for which assistance in dispensing fuel is offered, as well as offers to check tyre pressure or clean vehicle windscreens. This type of service is becoming uncommon in New Zealand, particularly Auckland.

Further south of Auckland, many filling stations offer full service. There is also help service or assisted service, for which customers must request assistance before it is given, and self-service, for which no assistance is available. Until the s the vast majority of gas stations were service stations; now only a minority are.

These stations typically offered free air for inflating tires, as compressed air was already on hand to operate the repair garage's pneumatic tools. This kind of business provided the name for the U. In the UK, a 'service station' refers to much larger facilities, usually attached to motorways see rest area or major truck routes, which provide food outlets, large parking areas, and often other services such as hotels, arcade games, and shops in addition to hour fuel supplies and a higher standard of restrooms.

Fuel is typically more expensive from these outlets due to their premium locations. UK service stations do not usually repair automobiles. This arrangement occurs on many toll roads and some interstate freeways and is called an oasis or service plaza.

In many cases, these centres might have a food court or restaurants. In the United Kingdom these are called Motorway service areas. Often, the state government maintains public rest areas directly connected to freeways, but does not rent out space to private businesses, as this is specifically prohibited by law via the Interstate Highway Act of which created the national Interstate Highway System , except sites on freeways built before January 1, , and toll highways that are self-supporting but have Interstate designation, under a grandfather clause.

As a result, such areas often provide only minimal services such as restrooms and vending machines. Private entrepreneurs develop additional facilities, such as truck stops or travel centers, restaurants, gas stations, and motels in clusters on private land adjacent to major interchanges.

Because these facilities are not directly connected to the freeway, they usually have huge signs on poles high enough to be visible by motorists in time to exit from the freeway.

Sometimes, the state also posts small official signs normally blue indicating what types of gas stations, restaurants, and hotels are available at an upcoming exit; businesses may add their logos to these signs for a fee.

In Canada , the province of Ontario has stops along two of its series highways, the and the , traditionally referred to as "Service Centres" , but recently renamed " ONroute " as part of a full rebuild of the sites.

Owned by the provincial government, but leased to private operator Host Kilmer Service Centres, they contain food courts, convenience stores, washrooms, and co-located gas and diesel bars with attached convenience stores.

At most sites fuel is sold by Canadian Tire , with a few older Esso gas bars at earlier renovated locations. Fuel additives for use in cars designed for leaded fuel are available at most servos. In China, the most commonly found octane grade is RON 91 regular , 93 mid grade and 97 premium. Almost all of the fuel has been unleaded since Leaded fuel was abolished in Leaded fuel is no longer available. In the United States all motor vehicle gasoline is unleaded and is available in several grades with different octane rating ; 87 Regular , 89 Mid-Grade , and 93 Premium are typical grades.

The maximum octane rating in California is generally At high altitudes in the Mountain States and the Black Hills of South Dakota , regular unleaded can be as low as 85 octane; this practice is now increasingly controversial, since it was instituted when most cars had carburetors instead of the fuel injection and electronic engine controls standard in recent decades.

Labels on gasoline pumps in the U. Some nations describe fuels according to the traditional RON or MON ratings, so octane ratings cannot always be compared with the equivalent U. In Europe and Australia, the customer selects one of several color-coded nozzles depending on the type of fuel required.

The filler pipe of unleaded fuel is smaller than the one for fuels for engines designed to take leaded fuel. The tank filler opening has a corresponding diameter; this prevents inadvertently using leaded fuel in an engine not designed for it, which can damage a catalytic converter. In European Union countries leaded fuel is no longer available, with LRP lead replacement petrol being the only fuel available for engines which need it.

In most stations in Canada and the USA, the pump has a single nozzle and the customer selects the desired octane grade by pushing a button. Some pumps require the customer to pick up the nozzle first, then lift a lever underneath it; others are designed so that lifting the nozzle automatically releases a switch.

Some newer stations have separate nozzles for different types of fuel. Where diesel fuel is provided, it is usually dispensed from a separate nozzle even if the various grades of gasoline share the same nozzle. Motorists occasionally pump gasoline into a diesel car by accident. Diesel fuel in a gasoline engine — while creating large amounts of smoke — does not normally cause permanent damage if it is drained once the mistake is realized.

However even a liter of petrol added to the tank of a modern diesel car can cause irreversible damage to the injection pump and other components through a lack of lubrication.

In some cases, the car has to be scrapped because the cost of repairs exceeds its residual value. The issue is not clear-cut as older diesels using completely mechanical injection can tolerate some gasoline — which has historically been used to "thin" diesel fuel in winter. In most countries, [43] [44] [45] [46] petrol stations are subjected to guidelines and regulations which exist to minimise the potential of fires, and increase safety.

It is prohibited to use open flames and, in some places, mobile phones [47] on the forecourt of a filling station because of the risk of igniting gasoline vapor. Most localities ban smoking, open flames and running engines. Since the increased occurrence of static-related fires many stations have warnings about leaving the refueling point.

Cars can build up static charge by driving on dry road surfaces. However many tire compounds contain enough carbon black to provide an electrical ground which prevents charge build-up. Newer "high mileage" tires use more silica and can increase the buildup of static. A driver who does not discharge static by contacting a conductive part of the car will carry it to the insulated handle of the nozzle and the static potential will eventually be discharged when this purposely-grounded arrangement is put into contact with the metallic filler neck of the vehicle.

The problem with ungrounded gas cans results from a combination of vehicular static charge, the potential between the container and the vehicle, and the loose fit between the grounded nozzle and the gas can.

This last condition causes a rich vapor concentration in the ullage the unfilled volume of the gas can, and a discharge from the can to the grounded hanging hardware the nozzle, hose, swivels and break-a-ways can thus occur at a most inopportune point. The Petroleum Equipment Institute has recorded incidents of static-related ignition at refueling sites since early Although urban legends persist that a mobile phone can cause sparks, this has not been duplicated under any controlled condition.

Nevertheless, mobile phone manufacturers and gas stations ask users to switch off their phones. One suggested origin of this myth is said to have been started by gas station companies because the cell phone signal would interfere with the fuel counter on some older model fuel pumps causing it to give a lower reading. In the MythBusters episode " Cell Phone Destruction ", investigators concluded that explosions attributed to cell phones could be caused by static discharges from clothing instead and also observed that such incidents seem to involve women more often than men.

National Fire Protection Association does most of the research and code writing to address the potential for explosions of gasoline vapor. Above this height, where most fuel filler necks are located, there is no expectation of an explosive concentration of gasoline vapor in normal operating conditions. Electrical equipment in the fueling area may be specially certified for use around gasoline vapors.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Gas station. Archived from the original on Australian National Dictionary Centre. Archived PDF from the original on But one doesn't have to be an Australian to enter the Australian lexicon — take bowser 'petrol pump' in Australia , which is named after a company established by US inventor and entrepreneur S. Archived from the original on 30 May Saint Paul, na Al. Tb, SoulTrain,regine's,Roof onde tinha as mulheres lindas do Brasil.

Ola, muito legal seu blog e me fez lembrar por um bando de lugares que frequentei nos nos 80 e Um dos lugares mais chiques que frequentei foi o Roof. Trabalhei durante um bom tempo no flash e no shampoo? Eu era frequentador assiduo do Shampo,Chicago,Love Apple,etc O Camilo Razuk Neto fez questao de me conhecer. Era muito popular na epoca. E muito Generoso nas caixinhas tambem. Sou oriental e era logo reconhecido. Ate hoje tenho saudades daqueles tempos. Era socio inclusive do Gallery.

Conheci praticamente todas as danceterias da epoca. Renata, segue velhos e bons locais dos anos 80! Acho q fui entre e Bom dentre as casas que vc citou destaco 3 e gostaria de incluir uma: Pool Music Hall R. Tinha uma que chamava Were House Eram 3 andares repletos de gnomos.

Marcia, tb estive em muitas destas, "o saudades Show, bons tempos frequentei muito,depois Regine's ,Soul trainn, Roof. Viajei no tempo quando entrei neste blog!!! No final dos 80 rolava um rockabilly nervoso.

Muitas saudades desse tempo!!! Seria otimo alguem poder contribuir com fotos Alguns outros locais que deixaram saudades: Era no Sub Club do Columbia que rolava o Hell's, certo?

Arrisco dizer que foi o primeiro after hour de SP! Cabral, ali na Cidade Jardim. Quanto aos bares, faltou a sobrevivente Torre do Dr. Habeas Corpus - na R. Fiquei assustado, mas muito legal!!!! Cara o Rock Dreamns Esqueceram da danceteria mais badalada da Zona norte California Dreans quem tiver algo dela poste aqui!!! Eu ia na matine do California Dreams aos domingos das 3 as 6hs Alessandro - Joao Ligabue - alexe2 live.

Ohhh tempo bom Meu Deus! Obrigada por me levarem de volta a um tempo maravilhoso da minha vida. Nossa, quanto lugar eu conheci. Lucchini acho q era esse o nome Produzia programas nas noites da Band FM.

Parbens pela iniciativa ,nos faz lembrar de como eramos felizes Ambiente excelente para namorar. Durou 5 anos de a Dos 20 Regine's do mundo era o mais bonito;. Cally - na Serra da Cantareira. Bebidas com nomes dos Cantores de Reggae. Na rua Duarte de Azevedo. Oi , vc se lembra quem era o proprietario??? Alguem conheceu o Celinho do Pulman??

Achoe qu estao todos cinquentoes como eu Fui a moria delas, faltou o Lira Paulistana, o Volupia e uma casa descendo a consolacao a pe virando a direita logo apos o Woodstock Logo em conheci a Over, era o Dj andy, hual muito jungle que locura Muito bom esse site. Lembrei de dois locais: Flatou a Kiron, que ficava na Estados Unidos, em frente ao Comics Um dos lugares em que eu mais fui feliz na vida!!! Obrigado por fazerem lebrar dos melhores tempos de minha vida.

O gerente sempre ganhava convites e nem sempre ele tava a fim de ir. Entao elea distribuia pros mortais funcionarios. Eu tinha 18 anos, era escrituraria, amava quando ganhavava um Vips! O tempinho bom, era dura, mas era feliz! O Cabral, so Luciano Huck, nao era no Tatuape? A Euro em Pinheiros, nem lembro mais em qual rua era. As sextas-feiras, o lugar servia bebida nacional de graca ate a meia noite, assim de carinhas!!!!!

Tinha tb strip-tease de homens e mulheres em andares diferentes, era uma loucura. E o Moinho Santo Antonio na Mooca, com a mulher no aquario! Assisti ao Show Acustico dos Titas la, loko!! Era a melhor casa noturna de Sampa anos Nossa meu que tempo maravilhoso!!

Frequentei o Azul da meia Noite na Franz Schubert durante bastante tempo. DeMolay Osasco - SP. Faltaram algumas da Zona Leste: Sampaio Vidal na Vila Formosa.

De dia era uma loja de discos e a noite no outro andar funcionava a danceteria. Estive em muitas dessas casas "curtindo" a bela noite paulistana. Quem quer falamos com ele? Perdidamente te amo minha pequeninha princesa Realmente esta noite mudou e para muito melhor minha vida. Amigo, Boa noite, sim o Duna's na Hadock Lobo, muito boa por sinal Quanto ao barco que o amigo se refere na Av.

Nos idos anos 70 por sinal anos de ouro de minha vida, era a Marcopolo Pizza bar. Nossa, adorei esse blog, conheci muitas dessas casas noturnas, voltei no tempo e tive uma viagem incrivel aqui. Obrigada por me fazer reviver uma parte de minha vida!!! Nao conseguia lembrar do nome Tolouse Lautrec Foi uma maravilhosa viagem no tempo A Phoenix, que ficava na Av.

Lembro dos detalhes pq trabalhei na casa. O DJ chamava-se Carlinhos e era meu amigo gravava umas fitas pra mim. Faria Lima x Av. Onde tocava meu amigo DJ Paolo, q tb tocou no Stravaganza. Mto Bacana esse Site!!! Descobri por acaso Hebert Viana foi apaixonado por Paula Toller.. Relembrei de tanta coisa legal!! Onde a ordem era se diverti , bons tempos , fui em varias em SP Nossa, como sp e grande. Tantos lugares danceterias que eu somente tinha ouvido dizer de nome mas nunca fui, alem de outras que nem sabia que existiram.

Lembro que naquela epoca anos 80 quem morava na zona leste como eu jardim vila formosa frequentava basicamente a toco, contramao, e a ponta, pois como nao tinha carro e dependia de "busao" nao dava pra ir mais longe. Que tempo bom quando se tirava uma mina pra dancar uma lenta e depois a gente se gabava de ter ganhado a mina depois da selecao de musicas, sem contar quando a mina dava uma desculpa que ia ao banheiro no meio da lenta e quandoa gente via a safada tava dancando com outro.

Lembro tambem que a selecao de lentas era uma contagem regressiva, ja que ninguem queria ficar sozinho na noite invicto e quando ia terminando a selecao a mulecada atirava pra todo lado e as feinhas que ficavam marcando na pista acabavam sendo tiradas pra dancar edar uns amassos Isso tudo me fez voltar ao meus 16 anos Nossa, que viagem no tempo que eu fiz agora!

Mundo pequeno esse em!!! Faaltou a Dado Bier na JK, o Azul da Meia noite e o Nias em pinheiros, assim como aquela casa que tinha uma em pinheiros e uma na av morumbi que nao lembro o nome tinha dois andares.

Si vous aimez voyager...

Leave a Reply