The Construction of Religious Boundaries: Golden flower and sweets are offered during puja to the Mata Lakshmi. This is because in Indian culture, it is women who run the house and not the men. As the flame consumes the rest of the candle the person that lit it has found a union with God. Some Punjabi families also believe that if a person does not gamble on Diwali, then in their next life they will be reincarnated as a donkey. This is due to small amounts of regional variation that can alter the way people practice and believe in certain traditions. Diwali was also described by numerous travellers from outside India.
Dhanteras Gifts ideas
The serpents' eyes were blinded by the shining jewelries and the brilliance of the lamps. Instead of killing King Hima, he climbed up the pile of jewelries and started listening to the stories told by the king's wife all through the night. Yama had to return without taking the life of King Hima. This day later came to be celebrated as Dhanteras and till today people lit up lamps and deck themselves with jewelries. To keep the family members safe from the hand of death, diyas or oil lamps are lit up.
Another legendary story says that Dhanvantari, the Lord of Medicine or Ayurveda who is another incarnation of Lord Vishnu took birth on this day from the Samudra Manthan episode, a cosmic battle between Gods and Demons who were fighting for Amrit or holy nectar from ocean water that makes one immortal.
A famous sage named Durvasa once cursed Lord Indra and said, "As the pride of wealth has entered your head, let Lakshmi leave you".
This curse was true and Lakshmi left him and in turn Indra became weak and the demons entered the heaven and defeated him. After some years, Indra went to Lord Brahma and all of them went to Lord Vishnu to find a way where Lord Vishnu instructed them to churn the sea of milk. Because on churning, Amrit would come out and drinking that would make the gods immortal.
Mandara Mountain became the churning rod and Vasuki, the king of the serpents became the rope for this great work. Lord Vishnu himself took the avatar of a tortoise and lifted Mandara Mountain at his back. As the churning started, a beautiful and smiling lady came into view who was wearing a garland of Lotus, stood on a Lotus, and held a Lotus on her hand - she was none other than Goddess Lakshmi.
However, most of them unanimously suggest playing Dyuta on the day of Kartik Pratipada. Also most of the people believe that Diwali day is an auspicious day for gambling and whoever gambles on this day wins. We all know that it cannot be correct as someone has to lose for someone to win in the game of dice.
The reason, why religious books suggest playing Dyuta, is not that it is an auspicious day to win but it is the day to forecast for the coming year. If someone wins in the game of Dyuta on Kartik Pratipada then the whole year would be good for that person and if someone loses then it is omen of bad luck in coming year. Check Dyuta Krida date in Other links related to Diwali Puja.
A peculiar custom in Maharashtra exists where people lightly pound dry coriander seeds Dhane in Marathi for Dhanatrayodashi with jaggery and offer the mixture as Naivedya.
On Dhanteras, homes that have not yet been cleaned in preparation for Diwali are thoroughly cleansed and whitewashed, and Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, is worshiped in the evening.
The main entrance are decorated with colorful lanterns, holiday lights and traditional motifs of Rangoli designs are made to welcome the Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity.
On the night of Dhanteras, diyas lamps are ritually kept burning all through the nights in honor of Lakshmi and Dhanvantari. On this day, Hindus consider it as an extremely auspicious day to make new purchases, especially gold or silver articles and new utensils. It is believed that new "Dhan" wealth or some form of precious metal is a sign of good luck. In modern times, Dhanteras has come to be known as the most auspicious occasion for buying gold, silver and other metals especially kitchenware.
The day also sees heavy purchases of appliances and automobiles. On this night, the lights are set out every night both in the sky lamps and as offerings at the base of a Tulsi plant and also in the form of diyas , which are placed in front of the doorways of homes. This light is an offering to Yama, the Host of Death, to avert untimely death during the time of the Diwali festival.
This day is a celebration aimed at increasing wealth and prosperity. Dhanteras engages themes of cleansing, renewal, and the securing of auspiciousness in the form of Lakshmi. The Marundhu is offered during the prayer and eaten in the early morning on Naraka Chaturdasi before sunrise. In fact, many families handover the recipes of Marundhu to their daughters and daughter in law.
The Marundhu is consumed to eliminate the imbalance of tridoshas in the body. On the day of Dhantrayodashi, Goddess Lakshmi came out from the ocean of milk during the churning of the Sea.